Shrinking Forests in Northern Sri Lanka

Dec 29, 2019

During 2010 to 2014 part of Wilpattu, the Sri Lanka’s largest national park, was cleared for “humanitarian” purposes. A task force appointed by the president, decided to clear the forest in order to build a resettlement for war refugees of the ‘Uthuru Wasanthaya’ program. According to Centre for Environmental Justice (CEJ), this decision violated existing laws and enactments that are designed to protect the National Environment Act and forest ordinance.

An estimated 2000 hectares of forest was lost from the Northern sanctuary of Wilpaththu National Park and the Maraichukkaddi/Karadikkuli forest reserves. An additional 1000 hectares was cleared from the forests of Madu, Periyamadu and Sannara area, which is part of the larger Madu Road Sanctuary. The cleared areas were divided into plots, lined with paved roads, and converted into settlements.

The first action in support of Wilpattu was in 2015 when Centre for Environmental Justice put forward a case against the unauthorised forest clearing through the court of appeal. Since then, ‘Save Wilpattu’ has become a nation-wide campaign. Thousands of youth have rallied through social media and mass protests have been organised in the Capital of Colombo, as well as other cities across the country. In August 2019, the public’s attention turned to the courts after a judge recused them self from the case.

Following the initial forest clearing, the Housing Authority attempted to clear an additional 10 hectares for a housing project. CEJ immediately responded by filing a motion through the courts. The Conservator General has since agreed to ensure that no any further clearings will be permitted until the court delivers its final judgement. 

The struggle to Save Wilpattu continues. The case is currently waiting to heard again under a new bench. Centre of Environmental Justice urges for the government to ensure that people have access to land for settlement purposes, however this should not come at the cost of the country’s forests and national parks. CEJ will continue to watch over Sri Lanka’s forests and advocate for their protection.

For more information contact:
Hemantha Withanage,
Executive Director,
Centre for Environmental Justice/Friends of the Earth Sri Lanka