Friends of the Earth Asia Pacific condemns Russia’s latest sanctions against the environmental organization Ecodefense, under the unjust “Foreign Agent” law. The law, which has been in effect since 2012, requires groups that receive foreign funding and engage in “political activity” to register as “foreign agents” and these sanctions are just one aspect of the government’s systematic restriction of civil society space in Russia, which includes: legislation restricting rights of association, expression and assembly; administrative and criminal sanctions; intimidation and harassment; and violence.
FoE Asia Pacific was informed by Ecodefense, a partner of Russian Social-Ecological Union (Friends of the Earth Russia), that following the designation of Ecodefense as a “foreign agent”, the Ministry of Justice initiated 28 administrative proceedings against the organization for violations of the law. A number of these proceedings resulted in fines, which Ecodefense was unable to pay as it is not a commercial organization and does not derive profit. The organization’s bank account was frozen in December 2018 when the total amount of fines had reached around 2 million roubles (over €30,000).
Ecodefense further said that, on 30 May 2019, authorities in the Kaliningrad region of Russia initiated five criminal cases against Alexandra Korolyova, Director of Ecodefense [pictured above, photo credit Ecodefense]. These proceedings – all started within a 40 minute period – were a result of organization’s failure to pay the fines. The five cases were opened pursuant to Article 315, Part 2 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation – non-execution of a court’s judgment, ruling or other judicial act – which carries a maximum penalty of two years imprisonment. The number of cases may yet increase.
Russian Social-Ecological Union has been monitoring the pressure on environmental human rights groups and activists, including Ecodefense, for many years. Since the implementation of the law on foreign agents seven years ago, 31 environmental NGOs have been added to the register, 22 of which have been forced to close as a result, according to a status report on civil society in Russia. These repressive laws mean that Russian environmental NGOs have been subjected to at least 142 court cases and fines amounting to more than 6,450,000 rubles (approximately €90,000).
In the first five months of 2019, Russian Social-Ecological Union documented: the murder of an environmentalist in Kaluga; at least seven attacks on activists; housing and property damage; police searches; five cases of criminal prosecution; and at least 110 cases of administrative prosecution, with fines amounting to more than 1,000,000 rubles (around €15,000). Most of those fines were imposed on activists from Shies in the Arkhangelsk region for a nine month protest against an illegal landfill for waste from Moscow. Two environmentalists from Rostov-on-Don, the Milchenko brothers, are still held in prison. The brutal attack on an activist camp aiding fire fighters in Kuban in 2016 and the beating of Andrei Rudomakha, head of the Environmental Watch for the North Caucasus, in Krasnodar in 2017 have still not been properly investigated.
“The Russian state is able to pressure environmental human rights defenders with impunity, while failing to adequately protect them from attacks and failing to ensure the realization of the rights to a favorable environment and health. This unjust trend will only lead to an ever increasing number of conflicts, violations of environmental rights and an increase in social tension,” said Vitaly Servetnik, co-chair of Russian Social-Ecological Union.
To highlight the importance of the work of people who defend human rights related to the environment, and in recognition of the dangers they face, in March 2019 the UN Human Rights Council called on all states to abide by its obligations to promote and protect environmental human rights defenders under the 1998 UN Declaration. The Russian Social-Ecological Union attests to the importance of struggles in defense of human rights and the environment in Russia, which the Russian government is obligated to respect, protect and fulfill.
In its submission to and dialogue during its UN Universal Periodic Review (UPR) in May 2018, Russia reiterated its commitment to protecting and promoting human rights defenders. In practice, the Russian government has blatantly failed to do this, with its continued use of legislation’s such as the “Foreign Agent” law against Ecodefense and others groups and activists.
Russian Social-Ecological Union and Friends of the Earth Asia Pacific demand that Russia:
- Stops the criminal prosecution of Alexandra Korolyova and Ecodefense
- Repeals the “Foreign Agent” law
- Investigates all cases of attacks on, threats to and persecution of environmental human rights defenders
- Stops putting pressure on environmental human rights defenders
- Acknowledges that a necessary measure to protect environmental activists from future attacks is to investigate environmental violations that may lead to attacks
- Allows and promotes access to information and wide public participation in environmentally significant issues in order to prevent conflicts.
For more information contact:
Vitaly Servetnik, FoE Russia – email@example.com, +79052941063
Vladimir Slivyak, Ecodefense – firstname.lastname@example.org, +79032997584